Atherosclerosis in Cardiovascular Disease: An Overview




Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is often referred to a number of different diseases and disorders of the heart and blood vessels constitute cardiovascular or heart disease. CVD is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Atherosclerosis is the most common pathological process that leads to CVD, a disease of medium to large arteries that majorly causes of heart attacks and strokes. The pathogenesis of atherosclerosis lesion is a very complex process which is associated with thickening of intima layer, weakening of underlying intima. Many components of the vascular, metabolic, and immune systems are involved in this process. These lesions have been presented even in teenagers and young adults and although not clinically significant at this stage, these lesions possess the potential to develop into clinically relevant lesions later on in over decades oflife. Thisarticlewillgiveanoverviewrelationshipbetweenatherosclerosisandcardiovasculardisease.



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