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Insomnia: An Overview

Quang Van Ta

Abstract

Chronic insomnia affects a significant proportion of young adults and elderly populations. Its effects are related not only social life but also the development of economy. Currently, scientists have revealed the sleep architecture and developed many strategies for treatment. Current pharmacological approaches focus primarily on Gamma Butyric Acid (GABA), the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. In addition, other receptors, such as serotonin, histamine, melatonin, are also considered. In this review, we focus on sleep disorder, the sleep architecture and current treatment methods for sleep disorder.

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